Greene Family Articles|
Articles Found Concerning The GREENE Family
Of Western North Carolina
William Greene One Of County's Most Colorful Historic Figures
The Articles below were taken from the book, periodical or newspaper Bridges To The Past by Mrs. Ernest Newton, Route 2, Ellenboro, NC and Roy Brooks, Box 661, Forest City, NC. I found all this material at the Mooneyham Public Library, Forest City, East Main Street, Rutherford County during one of my many visit's to my father. Happy Researching Y'all!!
Published March 3rd, 1971
A few weeks ago we published information furnished by one of our readers concerning the James McAfee and William Green families of this county. In that column was listed the data from the tmbstones in the old family cemetery, on the banks of Second Broad River, near the Bostic Brick Yards, including the worn and weathered stone of "William Green ..."Notes On The Shadrack Green Family
Some further research into his life, will reveal that this same William Green was one of Rutherford County's most interesting historical figures, and we are indebted to Mr. Harold W. Rollins of Winston-Salem for the following account of his role in the early history of Rutherford County.
WILLIAM GREEN The members of the Green family were true pioneers of the Broad River Basin, apparently arriving in the western wilderness well before the French and Indian War. When Joseph Green mustered for duty in Capt. Samuel Corbin's Company of Militia during the Spanish Alarm of 1747-1748, there probably were fewer than fifty families in that part of old Bladen County west of the Catawba River.
William "Billy" Green was born on Buffalo Creek in the present Cleveland County on May 16, 1753. Around the time of the Revolution, there were a considerable number of Green families in the area, including those of William Green, Shadrack Green, Meshack Green, Abednego Green, Henry Green, George Green, James Green, Jarvis Green, Phillip Green and Richard Green.
During the earlier years of the Revolution, William Green was a member of the Whig party, serving as Captain in the Tryon Militia. The records of the militia for this period is filled with little but excursions and alarms. But, by 1780, events were shaping far to the south which were to have a profound effect on the settlers of old Tryon County.
In April of 1780, the British Army landed at Charleston. In a series of battles, the army of General Lord Cornwallis swept across South Carolina, routing the American forces. By August, Camden had fallen, South Carolina and Georgia were subjected, and North Carolina was open to attack.
In early September, Lord Cornwallis sent Col. Patrick Ferguson with a force of 4,000 Loyalists into Rutherford County to insure the subjection of the western settlements.
In the face of this force, the patriot militia dwindled. After a skirmish at Cane Creek, the last 160 man remnant of the once-formidable Tryon Militia retreated across the Blue Ridge, leaving the settlers in subjection.
During this period, Capt. William Green had been captured by the Tories and held prisoner until freed at the Battle of Ramsour's Mill. Apparently, captivity changed much of his political opinion.
While Col. Ferguson was encamped near Rutherforton, William Green arrived with a troop of loyalist horse and offered their service in the King's cause. Ferguson declined, thinking that the campaign was won. That opinion was soon to change.
In late September, the patriot militia, enforced by units from northwest North Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee, re-crossed the Blue Ridge in search of the Loyalist Army. Alarmed, Ferguson gathered the Tory forces, including the newly-commissioned Major William Green, and marched southward down Broad River, intending to join Lord Cornwallis who was encamped at Charlotte.
One account states that Ferguson reached Bayliss Earle's place in upper South Carolina on October 1st. William Green and his company made up part of this force. While at Earle's, they killed a steer, destroyed some four or five hundred dozen sheaves of oats and plundered at will.
While the Loyalists moved southward and then eastward toward Charlotte, the pursuing patriots marched diagonally acorss country and overtook Ferguson at Kings Mountain. One October 10, 1780, the Battle of King's Mountain was fought, Ferguson was killed, and the survivors of the King's army, including Major Green, were captured.
The prisoners were marched to Biggerstaff's old fields near the present Sunshine community and confined. Several officers, including William Green were tried for treason or other crimes and sentenced to hang.
There are a number of versions of the events of the ensuing night. However, it is certain that William Green and a fellow Loyalist officer, probably Lt. Stephen Langford, managed to free themselves of their buckskin binding and flee in the darkness. Green was hidden I nthe wilds by his step-father, James McAfee, until it was considered safe to venture out.
In 1781, the Rutherford Court ordered William Green and many other Tories to trial on charges of treason and felony. Green did not appear, and the Court ordered his property confiscated.
Whether from a genuine change of political sentiment or a desire to regain his property is uncertain, but William Green then again declared his Whig sentiments and enlisted in the American army.
After the Revolution, William Green spent some fourteen years in obscurity. During this period, he moved his family to the confluence of Robinson Creek and Second Broad River where he farmed and raised a large family.
In 1798, Green entered politics, winning a seat in the North Carolina House of Representatives. Subsequently, he was elected to 14 Terms in the North Carolina Senate.
According to one account, in 1818, for the first time in his long tenure, William Green faced determined opposition in his bid for re-election. A disaffected Whig faction bought out Elias Alexander, Jr. as an opposition candidate.
Searching for political advantage, Senator Green decided to be baptized into the Baptist Church. is plans for emersion into the waters of the Broad River were widely repeated and the event was attended by a considerable group, including his opponent. Just as the old Tory was raised, Alexander broke into a rhyme which became the theme of his campaign and served to insure his election: "There stand old Major Green, now neat and clean, though formerly a Tory. The damnest rascal that ever was seen, now on his way go Glory."
William Green's service in the North Carolina Legislature was long and honorable. After retirement from politics, he lived peacefully, spending his declining years in the home of a son. His death in 1832 closed the story of one of Rutherford County's most colorful historic figures.
Published April 7th, 1976
In past columns we have had three or four articles on the Green family, particularly the family of William Green who served first as an officer for the Loyalists, and later served the Patriot cause both militarily and policially. William Green served some 16 Terms in the State Legislature after the Revolution, and died in Rutherford County in 1832 and is buried in an old abandoned family cemetery near the brickyard at Bostic.The Green Family Offers A Special Challenge To Researchers
William's family was only one of the ten Green families that were recorded on the first US Census of Rutherford County, taken in 1790. Six of these families were in the 11th Company, which was the general area on and adjacent to the Sandy Run Creek.
These were the families of Henry Green, Sr; Henry Green, Jr.; Shad (Shadrack) Green, Sr.; Shad (Shadrack) Green; and William Green. The George Green family was in the 12th Company; James Green in the 13th Company; John Green the 9th Company; and Richard Green the 2nd Company.
No doubt some of these families were related, but we have not seen any documented research which completely combines, seperates, and/or aligns the families into family groups. We are not attempting to do so in this column, but would appreciate information on the early Green families which might shed some light on the different branches of the family in this area.
The Green's married into many of the oldest families in the old Tryon and Rutherford County area and therefore many researchers are interested in the family. In the local genealogical society more than 20 members list the Green family as one of their lines of research. In this and future columns, we will cover some of the early records to be found on some of these families and we hope that readers who can add information to any particular family mentioned will share their information with us and hopefuly before this Bicentennial year is past, the accumulated Green data can all be studied, analyzed and arranged into proper family grouping.
One of the early settlers on Sandy Run Creek was Shadrack Green, born about 1760. The Rutherford County marriage bonds show that he was married to Mary Gage on December 20th, 1782.
Our records give no indication of where he was born, nor who his parents were. There is a notation in our file from another Green researcher which indicates that Shadrack Green had brothers named Meshack and Abednego. This same record indicates that Meshack Green's wife was named Lucretia "Creasy" and lists several children, but does not indicate where the family was located nor does it give any dates.
We have found an Abednego Green in the 1850 Federal Census of Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, who was 70 years old, born in North Carolina and whose wife was named Winny. Whether these are brothers of Shadrack remains to be proven.
Shadrack Green died in 1846 in Cleveland County, North Carolina, and is buried in the old family cemetery on his farm in the vicinity of the present Crawley Gin in upper Cleveland County. The late Mr. Delphau Walker, who died two or three years ago in his 90's, and who lived in the same vicinity throughout his lifetime, knew the location of the old Shad Green Cemetery, but due to his poor health, was not able to take this writer to it and it is not known if the cemetery still exists today.
Shadrack Green's Will, dated March 17th, 1846, is recorded in the Cleveland County Will Book A, Page 55. In his will, he made bequests to his heirs as follows:
"To my beloved son, Joseph Green, thirty dollars;
To my grandson, William M. Wilson, thirty dollars,
to make them equal with Cornelius Green, and Marvel Green and Abner Green, which has all ready had that much;
also, John Green to have ten dollars;
also that Enoch Green to have ten dollars;
also Robert Green, son of Elijah Green, ten dollars;
also my son Anselom Green ten dollars;
also Shadrack Burns, son of James Burns, ten dollars;
also Abner J. Dycus, son of Elijah Dycus, ten dollars;
Landrum Bandy, son of William Bandy, ten dollars;
also Rachel Oens, five dollars. (My Note: meant OWENS)
Then if there be any more that it be equally divided between all my children. I appoint W. H. McKinney and Elijah Dycus my Executors to this my last will and testament."
From the foregoing Will, we can determine that Shadrack Green had 13 children and from the marriage bonds and other records we have found the names of his daughters, not mentioned in the will. His children were (1) Joseph Green, (2) Elizabeth Green who married John U. Wilson; (3) Cornelius Green; (4) Marvel Green; (5) Abner Green; (6) John Green; (7) Enoch Green; (8) Elijah Green; (9) Anselom Green; (10) Sarah Green who married James Burns; (11) Viney Green who married Elijah Dycus; (12) Dicey Green who married William Bandy; and (13) Rachel Green who married a Mr. Owens (Oens).
We have no further information on Joseph Green but there is a marriage record of one Joseph Green to Nancy Horton on February 16th, 1823, another Joseph Green married Polly Ellis in 1800, either of which could possibly have been Shadrack's son, the Joseph Green.
Elizabeth Green married John U. Wilson on December 20th, 1832, in Rutherford County with Thomas Wilson as bondsman. Their only known child is the William M. Wilson mentioned in Shadrack's will.
Cornelius Green was born March 24th, 1807, married Martha Farmer Harrill on January 25, 1838, and died October 21st, 1896.
Both Cornelius and his wife are buried in the Beaver Dam Baptist Church Cemetery in Cleveland County. They were parents of six sons; John Green, William Green, James Whitten Green, Martin Alexander Green, Joseph H. Green and David Beam Green.
Marvel Green was married to Elizabeth Dycus in Rutherford County on August 1st, 1833. A letter dated January 21st, 1867, from Anselom Green to his brother, Cornelius Green, indicates that their brother Marvel Green had married for the third time to a widow with three children and was then living in Montgomery County (the State was not indicated but thought to be Missouri*). *MY NOTE: It was not Missouri, the State was ILLINOIS.
Abner Green married Elizabeth Wilson in Rutherford County on July 26th, 1832. There is another marriage recorded between Abner Green and Marion Matilda Christmas on April 5th, 1836. It is not know if this was two different men, or, if the same Abner Green was married twice. Abner Green was living in Callaway County in northern Missouri in January, 1867.
John Green mentioned in Shadrack's will has not been established. although the Will does not specify John as a son, it is logical to assume that he was in fact a son, rather than a grandson, since Shadrack made specific references to the fathers of each of his other grandchildren. It is possible that the John Green, born in 1797, who married Althea McKinney on December 20th, 1819, is Shadrack's son. This possibility is strengthened by the fact that Althea "Leathy" McKinney's parents lived in close proximity to the Shadrack Green family. We emphasize that this is a "logical assumptin" rather than a proven fact. We do know that descendants of the John Green-Althea McKinney family have not been able to establish John Green's parents, and we feel that the most logical place to search for proof would be in the Shadrack Green line, since dates and locality indicate that to be the most likely family.
The only information we've found on Enoch Green is that found in Shadrack's will, which mentioned Enoch's son, George Green. Apparently, Enoch Green was already deceased when Shadrack wrote his will in March of 1846.
From Shadrack's will, it is known that Elijah Green had a son, Robert P. Green, but we have found no other data on him.
Anselom Green married Elizabeth Philbeck in Rutherford County on February 11th, 1822. He was living somewhere in Missouri in January 1867 when he wrote his brother, Cornelius, in Cleveland County. In his letter he mentioned that his son-in-law, Nicholas Rogers had recently died and left his wife, Mary, a widow with two little children. Another letter written to Cornelius from his sister Sarah Burns in June 1877, stated that their brother, Anselom Green died in February 1876.
Sarah Green married James Burns in Rutherford County on February 22nd, 1823. They were living in Farmington, St. Francois County, Missouri, in the summer of 1877, but we have found no record of their children, other than Shadrack Burns mentioned in the will.
Viney Green married Elijah Dycus on November 1st, 1826, in Rutherford County. This family remained in Rutherford County, but our records indicate only the son, Abner Green Dycus who was mentioned in Shadrack Green's will.
Dicey Green married William Bandy in Rutherford County on October 24th, 1836. A son, Landrum Bandy mentioned in Shadrack's will, is the only information we have on this family.
Rachel Green married an Owens (shown as OENS in the Will), but we have not found a record of the marriage, nor any other information on this family. The letter from Sarah Burns to her brother Cornelius Green written from Missouri in 1877, stated that "sister Rachel is dead" but we have not determined if the Owens family had been in Missouri or remained in Cleveland County, North Carolina.
Published April 14th, 1976
James Green One of the early marriage records of Rutherford County is that of James Green and Sarah "Sally" Ellis on September 1st, 1808. Bondsman for this marriage was William Covington and was witnessed by Aaron McEntire. From names associated only with the marriage bond, one can conclude that this was one of the Green families in the area that was later made into Cleveland County, since the Ellis', McEntires' and Covingtons are all names more likely to be found in that area of early Rutherford County.
The Cleveland County will book provides the documentation for the children of James and Sarah Ellis Green. The Will also gives the location of the family, and indicates a great deal more about the mariages into this family. The Will is especially interesting in regards to the bequests made to his thirteen (13) children, varying in amounts from one cent to all his lands.
James Green's will was written on September 3rd, 1844, and was witnessed by William Eskridge and Thomas Whitworth. It is filed for probate in Cleveland County at the November term of Court in 1845 and was recorded in Will Book A, Page 46-47. Following the usual legal preliminaries of "...weak in body, but of sound mind..." etc., he disposed of his "...worldly goods in form as follows, to wit:
to my son, Howell H. Green, all my land on the West side of main Brushy Creek, which is to be the right and possession of my wife, Sarah Green during her lifetime or widowhood;
to my son, Martin H. Green, the sum of one dollar;
to my son, Gilbert M. Green, the sum of one dollar;
to my son, James S. Green, the sum of one cent;
to my daughter, Uranah Mays or the heirs of her body, the sum of twenty dollars;
to my daughter, Versilla Elliott, the sum of fifty cents;
to my daughter, Mary R. Covington, the sum of fifty cents;
to my daughter, Sarah E. Crowder, the sum of fifty cents;
to my daughter, Ulisa Crowder, the sum of one dollar;
to my daughter, Charlotte M. Green, the sum of ten dollars;
to my daughter, Lucinday Green, the sum of ten dollars;
to my daughter, Salina Green, the sum of ten dollars.
At the death or marriage of my wife Sarah Green, and after paying the above amounts to each of my children and paying all of my just debts, the balance of my property to be equally divided between my last mentioned daughters."
He appointed his son, William W. Green, and his son-in-law, William Covington as Executors.
In the Rutherford County marriage bonds (1779-1868) there are more than 80 marriages recorded for males and about 60 females with the surname Green. The will provides the name of only one of the daughters' husbands, that of Mary R. Covington, and mentions son-in-law, William Covington as one of the Executors.
There is no marriage recorded in the marriage bonds for them. A marriage is recorded on October 20th, 1826, for one Vienna Green to Stephen Mays with Royley Blanton as Bondsman. This is very likely a misspelling of James Green's daughter Uranah Green Mays. Another recorded marriage is that of Verzilla Green to A. H. F. Ellett on March 24th, 1832, with John T. Goode as Bondsman. Neither the Rutherford nor the Cleveland County marriages list any Crowder-Green marriages.
Since the three younger daughters were not married at the time of writing the will in 1845, the Cleveland County marriages, 1851-1868 as compiled and published by S. Arnold Ramey (1971) will show a marriage between J. Paul Whitesides* and C. M. Green, no doubt Charlotte, on May 28th, 1846. Also found there is a marriage on April 20th, 1862, between Samuel Whitesides and Saleny Green. The Rutherford County marriages include one Gilbert Green and Sarah Ledford on February 6th, 1840; one Martin Green to Phoebe Ledford on December 22nd, 1837; and several William Green's and James Green's who might have been James' sons.
The Cleveland County marriages include two which could be sons of James and Sarah Ellis Green, including Howel Green to Malinda Mode on March 21st, 1859; and W. W. Green to Lucinda Bridges on August 5th, 1856.
....the fact that James Green was married in 1808 would indicate that he was probably born about 1787 or a few years earlier assuming that he was 21 years or older when married.
MY NOTE: *This was actually Isaac Paul Whitesides b: 09 Jun 1804 unknown d: 04 Jan 1873 Cleveland County, NC.
OTHER INTERESTING NORTH CAROLINA and/or GREENE HISTORY WEBSITES:
Battle of Kings Mountain ~ October 7, 1780 - Near the North & South Carolina Border
Old Tryon County, North Carolina and Upper South Carolina ~ W. D. "Bill" Floyd: Marriages of Rutherford Co, NC (complete), Tombstone Inscriptions, Etc. This is an extremely well done site!! His postings have helped me tremendously! 8o}
Map of Greene's Norton ~ Location of Greene's Norton in Great Britian.
Painted Hills ~ by Maxson Frederick Greene. His family line branches off from ours (they migrated to New York), but his research has contributed a great deal of the info found here.
How To Contact Us
De GREENE de BOKETON Family History ~ From 1181 England to Present Day America
GREEN(E) Articles In North Carolina ~ Newspaper articles, etc. concerning Greene in Old Tryon County area (western NC, upper SC).
GREEN(E) Bastardy Bonds In North Carolina ~ Selected Counties.
GREEN(E) Marriages In Georgia ~ NEW as of 08 August 2005!! All Counties, Various Years and Resources
GREEN(E) Marriages In Western North Carolina ~ Counties: Buncombe, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Madison, Macon, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain and Yancey.
Church of Saint Bartholomew, Greens Norton, Towcester ~ Some brief historical notes for the use of visitors. COMPILED BY THE RECTOR THE REVD. CANON J. F. WRANGHAM HARDY, M.B.E., T.D., Honorary Chaplain to The Queen ~ A gift from Lynda Cook (captcook32 AT gmail.com) NEW! 2012
My GREEN Family Genealogy ~ My Own Personal Lineage To Current Day.